Comprehensive Eye Check Up

A comprehensive eye examination differs from simple vision checkup. The latter only tests visual acuity, and is commonly performed by a optician,pediatrician or other healthcare provider.

 In order to do proper eye check up and detect any problems, the following tests are performed:

 

Vision Examination

Slit-lamp

Tonometry (tests intraocular pressure (IOP))

Retinal examination under pupil dilation

Keratometry (measures the curvature of the cornea)

Colour Blindness

Regular eye examinations are important in maintaining eye health. During a comprehensive eye examination, eye diseases or other abnormalities that are not yet causing symptoms can be detected. Early intervention is crucial in preventing vision loss from a disease such as glaucoma, which may not cause symptoms until significant and irreversible damage has taken place. Early detection of eye problems gives a patient a choice of treatment options, and reduces the risk of permanent damage.

 

Benefits of a Comprehensive Eye Examination

A comprehensive eye exam should be performed once every year. Children should have regular tests to ensure that their vision is normal so that their schoolwork does not suffer. Older adults are at higher risk for eye conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and cataracts. During a comprehensive eye examination, simple refractive errors are detected, and serious eye problems or diseases, including the following, are diagnosed:

 

Amblyopia (lazy eye)

Strabismus

Glaucoma

Diabetic retinopathy

 

Even in younger, healthy adults who are asymptomatic, a regular eye examination is essential. Serious medical conditions, such as high cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure, can be detected, allowing patients to seek treatment early.

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