Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a  group of related eye conditions  that damage the optic nerve , health of which is critical for good vision . This leads to vision loss and possible blindness if not managed well. This damage is usually caused by very high pressure in your eyes. Most of the times people do not experience any symptoms and are unaware of its existence till they encounter significant visions loss .With early detection and treatment, however, eyes can be protected against the serious loss of vision or blindness.

 

Catching glaucoma at an early, treatable stage is one important reason to have regular, thorough eye examinations by an Eye Specilaist/Eye Doctor. A leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in the country.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

 

Glaucoma in early stage is normally asymptomatic. Symptoms when they occur, vary depending on the type of glaucoma and can affect one or both of the eyes. 

Symptoms of open-angle Glaucoma 

  • Dim or blurred vision

  • Gradual loss of peripheral vision

  • Tunnel vision (at advanced stages)

 Symptoms of angle-closure Glaucoma 

  • Severe eye pain

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Sudden visual disturbance

  • Blurred vision

  • Halos around lights

  • Red eyes

  • Headache

Diagnosis of Glaucoma

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Glaucoma diagnosis is done after a comprehensive and thorough medical examination of eye and understanding the patient's overall medical history . Some of the following tests are done by your Eye Doctor to further confirm the diagnosis. 

  • Tonometry

  • Dilated-eye examination

  • Visual field test (perimetry)

  • Retinal evaluation

  • Pachymetry

  • Gonioscopy

  • Visual acuity test

Once diagnosed Glaucoma's treatment should start as soon as possible to prevent any further loss of vision which if happens is irreversible.

Eye drops or oral medication may be used to either reduce eye pressure in the eye. Side effects of eye drops include redness, stinging, irritation and blurred vision. 

In certain cases depending on the clinical diagnosis certain advance procedures such as Laser or surgical intervention may be required.

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